Scoliosis in Children
Scoliosis is a spinal condition that results in a sideways curvature of the spine, often developing during the growth spurts around puberty. It affects both boys and girls, but the risk of progression tends to be higher in girls.
Scoliosis in kids and teens can be idiopathic (meaning the cause is unknown), or it can be due to congenital spinal abnormalities, neurological conditions, or genetic disorders. The most common type, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), typically presents between the ages of 10 and 18. Symptoms can include uneven shoulders, a noticeable curve in the back, a tilted posture, or one shoulder blade that seems more prominent than the other.
Teenage years is a critical time to receive treatment for scoliosis as the risk for curve progression is much higher.
What can we do to help?
We understand that the diagnosis of scoliosis can be an unsettling moment for both you and your child. The treatment for scoliosis in kids and teens depends on the severity of the curve, its location, and the child's age and stage of growth. Peak pubertal growth is when curvatures are the most likely to progress, so it is a critical time to receive treatment. At Curv, we specialise in the conservative management of scoliosis and provide individualised, evidence-based care:
Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis-Specific Exercises
Physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) are a specialised form of physiotherapy aimed at managing and reducing the progression of scoliosis. These exercises are individually tailored to address the specific needs of each patient and their unique spinal curvature. Research suggests these exercises can help reduce the degrees of the curve, improve postural alignment, increase trunk muscle strength, and enhance overall function.
If the curve is moderate and the child is still growing, a brace can be effective. The aim of bracing is not to correct the curve, but to prevent it from getting worse as the child grows. We work in collaboration with orthotists and if a brace is recommended, we can help with check ups and ensuring your child knows how to wear it correctly.
Pre/Post Surgery Rehabilitation
In severe cases, or when the curve is rapidly progressing, surgery may be recommended. The most common type of surgery for scoliosis is spinal fusion. If your child requires surgery, we provide physiotherapy before and after the procedure to maximise function and recovery.